Treaty of 1842
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community 1842 Treaty of La Point, Wisconsin Territory with the Chippewa of the Mississippi and Lake Superior
October 4, 1842
7 Stat., 591.
Proclamation, Mar. 23, 1843.
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe of Lake Superior, in the Territory of Wisconsin, between Robert Stuart commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen.
The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, cede to the United States all the country within the following bounderies; viz: beginning at the mouth of Chocolate River of Lake Superior; thence northwardly across said lake to intersect the boundery line between the United States and the Province of Canada; thence up said Lake Superior, to the mouth of the St. Louis, or Fond du Lac river (including all the islands in said lake); thence up said river to the American Fur Company’s trading post, at the southwardly bend thereof, about 22 miles from its mouth; thence south to intersect the line of the treaty of 29th July 1837, with the Chippewas of the Mississippi; thence along said line to its southeastwardly extremity, near the Plover portage on the Wisconsin river; thence northeastwardly, along the boundery line, between the Chippewas and Menomonees, to its eastern termination, (established by the treaty held with the Chippewas, Menomonees, and Winnebagoes, at Butte des Morts, August 11th 1827) on the Skonawby river of Green Bay; thence northwardly to the source of Chocolate river; thence down said river to its mouth, the place of beginning; it being the intention of the parties to this treaty, to include in this cession, all the Chippewa lands eastwardly of the aforesaid line running from the American Fur Company’s trading post on the Fond du Lac river to the intersection of the line of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi July 29th 1837.
The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy, until required to remove by the President of the United States, and that the laws of the United States shall be continued in force, in respect to their trade and inter course with the whites, until otherwise ordered by Congress.
It is agreed by the parties to this treaty, that whenever the Indians shall be required to remove from the ceded district, all the unceded lands belonging to the Indians of Fond du Lac, Sandy Lake, and Mississippi bands, shall be the common property and home of all the Indians, party to this treaty.
In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States, engage to pay to the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, annually, for twenty-five years, twelve thousand five hundred dollars, in specie, ten thousand five hundred (10,500) dollars in goods, two thousand (2,000) dollars in provisions and tobacco, two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of two blacksmiths shops, (including pay of smiths and assistants, and iron steel &c.) one thousand (1,000) dollars for pay of two farmers, twelve hundred (1,200) for pay of two carpenters, and two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of schools for the Indians party to this treaty; and further the United States engage to pay the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars as an agricultural fund, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War. And also the sum of seventy-five thousand (75,000) dollars, shall be allowed for the full satisfaction of their debts within the ceded district, which shall be examined by the commissioner to this treaty, and the amount to be allowed decided upon by him, which shall appear in schedule hereunto annexed. The United States shall pay the amount so allowed within three years.
Whereas the Indians have expressed a strong desire to have some provision made for their half breed relatives, therefore it is agreed, that fifteen thousand (15,000) dollars shall be paid to said Indians, next year, as a present, to be disposed of, as they, together with their agent, shall determine in council.
Whereas the whole country between Lake Superior and the Mississippi, has always been understood as belonging in common to the Chippewas, party to this treaty; and whereas the bands bordering on Lake Superior, have not been allowed to participate in the annuity payments of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi, at St. Peters July 29th 1837, and whereas all the unceded lands belonging to the aforesaid Indians, are hereafter to be held in common, therefore, to remove all occasion for jealousy and discontent, it is agreed that all the annuity due by the said treaty, as also the annuity due by the present treaty, shall henceforth be equally divided among the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, party to this treaty, so that every person shall receive an equal share.
The Indians residing on the Mineral district, shall be subject to removal therefrom at the pleasure of the President of the United States.
This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States. 
In testimony whereof the said Robert Stuart commissioner, on the part of the United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, have hereunto set their hands, at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Wisconsin Territory this fourth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-two.
Robert Stuart, Commissioner.
Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.
Crow wing River, Po go ne gi shik, 1st chief-
Do. Son go com ick, 2d do.
Sandy Lake, Ka non do ur uin zo, 1st do.
Do. Na turn e gaw bon, 2d do.
Gull Lake, Ua bo jig, 1st do.
Do. Pay pe si gon de bay, 2d do.
Red Ceder Lake, Kui ui sen shis, 1st do.
Do. Ott taw wance, 2d do.
Poke gom maw, Bai ie jig, 1st do.
Do. Show ne aw, 2d do.
Wisconsin River, Ki uen zi, 1st do.
Do. Wi aw biske kut te way, 2d do.
Lac de Flarebeau, A pish ka go gi, 1st do.
Do. May tock cus e quay, 2d do.
Do. She maw gon e, 2d do.
Lake Bands, Ki ji ua be she shi, 1st do.
Do. Ke kon o tum, 2d do.
Fon du Lac, Shin goob, 1st do.
Do. Na gan nab, 2d do.
Do. Mong o zet, 2d do.
La Pointe, Gitchi waisky, 1st do.
Do. Mi zi, 2d do.
Do. Ta qua gone e, 2d do.
Onlonagan, O kon di kan, 1st do.
Do. Kis ke taw wac, 2d do.
Ance, Pena shi, 1st do.
Do. Guck we san sish, 2d do.
Vieux Desert, Ka she osh e, 1st do.
Do. Medge waw gwaw wot, 2d do.
Mille Lac, Ne qua ne be, 1st do.
Do. Ua abash ko kum, 2d do.
Do. No din, 2d do.
St. Croix, Be zhi ki, 1st do.
Do. Ka bi na be, 2d do.
Do. Ai aw bens, 2d do.
Snake River, Sha go bi, 1st do.
Chippewa River, Ua be she shi, 1st do.
Que way zhan sis, 2d do.
Lac Courtulle, Ne na nang eb, 1st do.
Do. Be bo kon uen, 2d do.
Do. Ki uen zi. 2d do.
In presence of
Henry Blanchford, interpreter.
Samuel Ashmun, interpreter.
Charles H. Oakes.
William A. Aitkin.
Charles M. Borup.
James P. Scott.
(To the Indian names are subjoined marks.) 
Schedule of claims examined and allowed by Robert Stuart, commissioner, under the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, concluded at La Pointe, October 4th 1842, setting forth the names of claimants, and their proportion of allowance of the seventy-five thousand dollars provided in the fourth article of the aforesaid treaty, for the full satisfaction of their debts, as follows:
No. of Name of claimant, Proportion of
claim $75,000, set apart in
4th article of treaty.
1 Edward F. Ely $50.80
2 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for George Berkett 484.67
3 Cleveland North Lake Co 1,485.67
4 Abraham W. Williams 75.03
5 William Brewster This claim to be paid as follows, 2,052.67
viz: William Brewster, or order ($1,929.77);
Charles W. Borup, or order ($122.90)
6 George Copway 61.67
7 John Kahbege 57.55
8 Alixes Carpantier 28.58
9 John W. Bell 186.16
10 Antoine Picard 6.46
11 Michael Brisette 182.42
12 Francois Dejaddon 301.48
13 Pierre C. Duvernay 1,101.00
14 Jean Bts. Bazinet 325.46
15 John Hotley 69.00
16 Francois Charette 234.92
17 Clement H. Beaulieu agent for the estate of Bazil 596.84
18 Francois St. Jean an~t George Bonga 366.84
19 Louis Ladebauche 322.52
20 Peter Crebassa 499.27
21 B. T. Kavanaugh 516.82
22 Augustin Goslin 169.05
23 American Fur Company: This claim to be paid as 13,365.30
follows, viz: American Fur Company ($12,565.10);
Charles W. Borup ($800.20)
24 William A. Aitken 935.67
25 James P. Scott 73.41
26 Augustin Bellanger 192.35
27 Louis Corbin 12.57
28 Alexes Corbin 596.03
29 George Johnston 35.24
30 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Sam’l Ashman 1,771.63
31 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Johnson 390.27
32 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of Dan’l Dingley 1,991.62
33 Lyman M. Warren 1,566.65
34 Estate of Michael Cadotte, disallowed
35 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of E. Roussain 959.13
36 Joseph Dufault 144.32
37 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Antoine Mace 170.35
38 Michael Cadotte 205.60
39 Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Francois Gauthier 167.05
40 Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Joseph Gauthier 614.30
41 Z. Platt, esq., attorney for I. B. Uoulle 64.78
42 Jean Bts. Corbin 531.50
43 John Hulbert 209.18
44 Jean Bts. Couvellion 18.80
45 Nicholas Da Couteau, withdrawn.
46 Pierre Cottéé 732.50
47 W.H. Brockway and Henry Holt, executors to the 3,157.10
estate of John Holliday, dec’d.
48 John Jacob Astor, This claim to be paid as follows, 37,994.98
viz: Charles W. Borup ($1,676.90); Z. Platt, esq
($2, 621.80); John Jacob Astor ($23,696 28)
Z. Platt. esq., attorney for Thos. Connor 1,118.60
Charles H. Oakes 4,309.21
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Morrison 1,074.70
Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Isaac Butterfield 1,275.56
J. B. Van Rensselaer 62.00
William Brewster and James W. Abbot The parties 2,067.10
to this claim request no payment be made to either
without their joint consent, or until a decision of the
case be had, in a court of justice.
William Bell 17.62
Robert Stuart, Commissioner.
Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.
Note: For more information on the boundaries of the ceded territory described in Article 1 of this treaty, see the Treaty with the Chippewa, Etc. of 1827, 7 Stat. 303, and the Treaty with the Chippewa of 1837, 7 Stat. 536.
Source: Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Vol. II. (Treaties.) Compiled and Edited by Charles J. Kappler, LL. M., Clerk to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1904