1842 Treaty of La Point

 

Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
1842 Treaty of La Point,
Wisconsin Territory with the
Chippewa of the Mississippi
and Lake Superior


October 4, 1842
7 Stat., 591.
Proclamation, Mar. 23, 1843.

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe of Lake Superior, in the Territory of Wisconsin, between Robert Stuart commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen.

ARTICLE 1.

The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, cede to the United States all the country within the following bounderies; viz: beginning at the mouth of Chocolate River of Lake Superior; thence northwardly across said lake to intersect the boundery line between the United States and the Province of Canada; thence up said Lake Superior, to the mouth of the St. Louis, or Fond du Lac river (including all the islands in said lake); thence up said river to the American Fur Company’s trading post, at the southwardly bend thereof, about 22 miles from its mouth; thence south to intersect the line of the treaty of 29th July 1837, with the Chippewas of the Mississippi; thence along said line to its southeastwardly extremity, near the Plover portage on the Wisconsin river; thence northeastwardly, along the boundery line, between the Chippewas and Menomonees, to its eastern termination, (established by the treaty held with the Chippewas, Menomonees, and Winnebagoes, at Butte des Morts, August 11th 1827) on the Skonawby river of Green Bay; thence northwardly to the source of Chocolate river; thence down said river to its mouth, the place of beginning; it being the intention of the parties to this treaty, to include in this cession, all the Chippewa lands eastwardly of the aforesaid line running from the American Fur Company’s trading post on the Fond du Lac river to the intersection of the line of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi July 29th 1837.

ARTICLE 2.

The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy, until required to remove by the President of the United States, and that the laws of the United States shall be continued in force, in respect to their trade and inter course with the whites, until otherwise ordered by Congress.

ARTICLE 3.

It is agreed by the parties to this treaty, that whenever the Indians shall be required to remove from the ceded district, all the unceded lands belonging to the Indians of Fond du Lac, Sandy Lake, and Mississippi bands, shall be the common property and home of all the Indians, party to this treaty.

ARTICLE 4.

In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States, engage to pay to the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, annually, for twenty-five years, twelve thousand five hundred dollars, in specie, ten thousand five hundred (10,500) dollars in goods, two thousand (2,000) dollars in provisions and tobacco, two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of two blacksmiths shops, (including pay of smiths and assistants, and iron steel &c.) one thousand (1,000) dollars for pay of two farmers, twelve hundred (1,200) for pay of two carpenters, and two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of schools for the Indians party to this treaty; and further the United States engage to pay the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars as an agricultural fund, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War. And also the sum of seventy-five thousand (75,000) dollars, shall be allowed for the full satisfaction of their debts within the ceded district, which shall be examined by the commissioner to this treaty, and the amount to be allowed decided upon by him, which shall appear in schedule hereunto annexed. The United States shall pay the amount so allowed within three years.

Whereas the Indians have expressed a strong desire to have some provision made for their half breed relatives, therefore it is agreed, that fifteen thousand (15,000) dollars shall be paid to said Indians, next year, as a present, to be disposed of, as they, together with their agent, shall determine in council.

ARTICLE 5.

Whereas the whole country between Lake Superior and the Mississippi, has always been understood as belonging in common to the Chippewas, party to this treaty; and whereas the bands bordering on Lake Superior, have not been allowed to participate in the annuity payments of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi, at St. Peters July 29th 1837, and whereas all the unceded lands belonging to the aforesaid Indians, are hereafter to be held in common, therefore, to remove all occasion for jealousy and discontent, it is agreed that all the annuity due by the said treaty, as also the annuity due by the present treaty, shall henceforth be equally divided among the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, party to this treaty, so that every person shall receive an equal share.

ARTICLE 6.

The Indians residing on the Mineral district, shall be subject to removal therefrom at the pleasure of the President of the United States.

ARTICLE 7.

This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States. [544]

In testimony whereof the said Robert Stuart commissioner, on the part of the United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, have hereunto set their hands, at La Pointe of Lake Superior, Wisconsin Territory this fourth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-two.

 

Robert Stuart, Commissioner.

Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.

                                                Crow wing River,       Po go ne gi shik,               1st chief-

                                                            Do.                  Son go com ick,                2d       do.  

                                                Sandy Lake,                Ka non do ur uin zo,         1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Na turn e gaw bon,           2d       do.

                                                Gull Lake,                   Ua bo jig,                          1st      do.

                                                            Do.                  Pay pe si gon de bay,        2d       do.

                                                Red Ceder Lake,         Kui ui sen shis,                 1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ott taw wance,                  2d       do.

                                                Poke gom maw,          Bai ie jig,                          1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Show ne aw,                      2d       do.

                                                Wisconsin River,        Ki uen zi,                          1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Wi aw biske kut te way,   2d       do.

                                                Lac de Flarebeau,       A pish ka go gi,                1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  May tock cus e quay,        2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  She maw gon e,                2d       do.

                                                Lake Bands,                Ki ji ua be she shi,            1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ke kon o tum,                   2d       do.

                                                Fon du Lac,                 Shin goob,                         1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Na gan nab,                       2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  Mong o zet,                       2d       do.

                                                La Pointe,                   Gitchi waisky,                  1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Mi zi,                                2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ta qua gone e,                  2d       do.

                                                Onlonagan,                 O kon di kan,                    1st      do.

                                                            Do.                  Kis ke taw wac,                2d       do.

                                                Ance,                           Pena shi,                           1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Guck we san sish,             2d       do.

                                                Vieux Desert,              Ka she osh e,                     1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Medge waw gwaw wot,    2d       do.

                                                Mille Lac,                   Ne qua ne be,                    1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ua abash ko kum,             2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  No din,                              2d       do.

                                                St. Croix,                    Be zhi ki,                          1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ka bi na be,                       2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ai aw bens,                       2d       do.

                                                Snake River,               Sha go bi,                          1st       do.

                                                Chippewa River,         Ua be she shi,                   1st       do.

                                                                                    Que way zhan sis,             2d       do.

                                                Lac Courtulle,             Ne na nang eb,                  1st       do.

                                                            Do.                  Be bo kon uen,                  2d       do.

                                                            Do.                  Ki uen zi.                          2d       do.

 

 

In presence of

            Henry Blanchford, interpreter.

            Samuel Ashmun, interpreter.

            Justin Rice.

            Charles H. Oakes.

            William A. Aitkin.

            William Brewster.

            Charles M. Borup.

            Z. Platt.

            C.H. Beaulieau.

            L.T. Jamison. 

            James P. Scott.

            Cyrus Mendenhall.

            L.M. Warren.

 

(To the Indian names are subjoined marks.) [545]

 

Schedule of claims examined and allowed by Robert Stuart, commissioner, under the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, concluded at La Pointe, October 4th 1842, setting forth the names of claimants, and their proportion of allowance of the seventy-five thousand dollars provided in the fourth article of the aforesaid treaty, for the full satisfaction of their debts, as follows:

 

No. of        Name of claimant,                                                            Proportion of

claim                                                                                                   $75,000, set apart in

                                                                                                            4th article of treaty.

 

1                Edward F. Ely                                                                   $50.80

2                Z. Platt, esq., attorney for George Berkett                       484.67

3                Cleveland North Lake Co                                                 1,485.67

4                Abraham W. Williams                                                     75.03

5                William Brewster This claim to be paid as follows,       2,052.67

                  viz: William Brewster, or order ($1,929.77);

                  Charles W. Borup, or order ($122.90)

6                George Copway                                                                61.67

7                John Kahbege                                                                   57.55

8                Alixes Carpantier                                                             28.58

9                John W. Bell                                                                     186.16

10              Antoine Picard                                                                  6.46

11              Michael Brisette                                                               182.42

12              Francois Dejaddon                                                           301.48

13              Pierre C. Duvernay                                                           1,101.00

14              Jean Bts. Bazinet                                                              325.46

15              John Hotley                                                                      69.00

16              Francois Charette                                                             234.92

17              Clement H. Beaulieu agent for the estate of Bazil          596.84

                  Beaulieu, dec’d 

18              Francois St. Jean an~t George Bonga                              366.84

19              Louis Ladebauche                                                            322.52

20              Peter Crebassa                                                                  499.27

21              B. T. Kavanaugh                                                               516.82

22              Augustin Goslin                                                               169.05

23              American Fur Company: This claim to be paid as          13,365.30

                  follows, viz: American Fur Company ($12,565.10);

                  Charles W. Borup ($800.20)

24              William A. Aitken                                                            935.67

25              James P. Scott                                                                  73.41

26              Augustin Bellanger                                                          192.35

27              Louis Corbin                                                                     12.57

28              Alexes Corbin                                                                   596.03

29              George Johnston                                                               35.24

30              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Sam’l Ashman                       1,771.63

31              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Johnson                         390.27 

32              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of Dan’l Dingley         1,991.62

33              Lyman M. Warren                                                            1,566.65

34              Estate of Michael Cadotte, disallowed

35              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of E. Roussain             959.13

36              Joseph Dufault                                                                  144.32

37              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Antoine Mace                        170.35

38              Michael Cadotte                                                               205.60

39              Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Francois Gauthier                        167.05

40              Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Joseph Gauthier                           614.30

41              Z. Platt, esq., attorney for I. B. Uoulle                             64.78

42              Jean Bts. Corbin                                                               531.50

43              John Hulbert                                                                     209.18

44              Jean Bts. Couvellion                                                        18.80
45              Nicholas Da Couteau, withdrawn.

46              Pierre Cottéé                                                                     732.50

47              W.H. Brockway and Henry Holt, executors to the          3,157.10

                  estate of John Holliday, dec’d.

48              John Jacob Astor, This claim to be paid as follows,       37,994.98

                  viz: Charles W. Borup ($1,676.90); Z. Platt, esq

                  ($2, 621.80); John Jacob Astor ($23,696 28)

                  $27,994.98

                  Z. Platt. esq., attorney for Thos. Connor                         1,118.60

                  Charles H. Oakes                                                              4,309.21

                  Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Morrison                       1,074.70

                  Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Isaac Butterfield                          1,275.56

                  J. B. Van Rensselaer                                                         62.00

                  William Brewster and James W. Abbot The parties       2,067.10

                  to this claim request no payment be made to either

                  without their joint consent, or until a decision of the

                  case be had, in a court of justice.

                  William Bell                                                                     17.62

 

                                                                                                            $75,000.00     

 

                                                                                                Robert Stuart, Commissioner.

                                                                                                         Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.

 

 

Note: For more information on the boundaries of the ceded territory described in Article 1 of this treaty, see the Treaty with the Chippewa, Etc. of 1827, 7 Stat. 303, and the Treaty with the Chippewa of 1837, 7 Stat. 536.

 

Source: Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Vol. II. (Treaties.) Compiled and Edited by Charles J. Kappler, LL. M., Clerk to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1904